Unbelievable Things Created Using Science

  1. Mind Controlling Cockroaches

A student at Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) created a machine that allowed him to control a cockroach with his mind. The student used his thoughts to move the cockroach through a S and Z shaped course. [Source] [Source]

CockroachControl

Space Hotel

The commercial space station was created by a Russian space group called Energia. It is expected to be opened to the public by the end of 2016. The hotel is able to hold up to 7 people, however booking a room, and getting into space will be extremely expensive. (Estimated £100,000 for a five day stay plus £500,000 to travel there.)  [Source] [Source]

Commercial-space-Station

Sign Language Translating Gloves

Navid Azodi and Thomas Pryor invented SignAloud gloves. These gloves have the ability to translate  American Sign Language into English. The following video demonstrates the use of the gloves and provides more information about them. [Source] [Source]

Arcaboard – Hoverboard

There is currently a hoverboard (One that floats above the ground, hovering, not a segway) available for purchase. You can get your hands on this hoverboard, named the arcaboard, for $14,900, plus an added $4,500 for a charging accessory. [Source] [Source]

ArcaBoard.jpgarcaboard2

Other Articles

A New Planet?! – Planet 9

The Craziest World Records!

Philip Zimbardo and The Stanford Prison Experiments

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Split Brains

Everyone’s brain is made up of two halves, called hemispheres. These hemispheres are connected by a part of the brain called the corpus callosum. In the past, the corpus callosum was cut to treat epilepsy. However, when this part of the brain was cut, the two brain hemispheres would not be able to communicate, thus creating a split brain.

If you had a split brain, each of your brain’s hemispheres would be capable of having their own emotions, opinions, and personalities. The two hemispheres are also capable of disagreeing. Since your right hemisphere controls the left half of your body, and your left hemisphere controls the right side of your body, your hemispheres could have physical disagreements.

For example, if the right half of your body picks up a piece of food, and your right hemisphere doesn’t want you to eat it, your left hand (controlled by the right hemisphere) could try and remove of the food.

Usually, the left hemisphere of the brain controls speech. The left hemisphere’s dominant functions include math, logic, and language. The right hemispheres dominant functions include visualizing images, facial recognition, and music. The right hemisphere and left hemisphere can both see through your eyes on the halves of the body they control.

If you showed the left hemisphere an object, then asked a split brain patient what they saw, they would be able to tell you. However, since the right hemisphere cannot speak, if it was shown an object, and you asked, “What did you see?” the left hemisphere would be the one to respond, saying “Nothing.”

This fact is extremely creepy as it reveals a separate mind in a split brain patient’s head that is mute and sentient.

What would you do if you had a split brain? How would you cope with the two hemispheres of your brain constantly fighting over decisions?

 

Sources

Psychologytoday.com

livescience.com

memory.ucsf.edu

news.harvard.edu

faculty.washington.edu

britannica.com

Other Articles

Sleep Paralysis

A New Planet?! – Planet 9

Philip Zimbardo and The Stanford Prison Experiments

A New Planet?! – Planet 9

On January 20th, 2016, scientists discovered what could possibly a ninth planet in our solar system. This mysterious ‘Planet Nine‘ has not been directly observed by anyone, however scientists have used mathematical models and other pieces of evidence to discover this possible planet.

If Planet Nine does exist, it will be the third planet in the Solar System to be discovered since ancient times. This planet supposedly takes 10,000 – 20,000 years to orbit the sun. It would’ve approximately 10 times the weight and 3 times the size of Earth.

However, this isn’t the first time scientists have “found” a planet. Many people argue that ‘Planet 9’ doesn’t exist at all.

The main piece of evidence that proves the existence of ‘Planet 9’ is the gravitational behavior of certain planets near its expected location. Some scientists believe that this gravitational effect is caused by;

“a gas giant that was punted out of the ecliptic plane, in which all the other planets orbit, eons ago.” -Wired.com

(A gas giant is a planet that is mainly comprised of hydrogen and helium. Jupiter and Saturn are both gas giants.)

Scientists have been unable to see this planet, due to the small amount of light nearby. Yet Surprisingly, people have known about Planet 9’s existence since nearly a century ago. In fact, Pluto was discovered by astronomers who were looking for ‘Planet 9’.

Planet 9 has also been defined by many other names, such as ‘Planet X’ or ‘Xena’, yet the name Planet 9 is the most common.

Do you think Planet 9 is real? Leave a comment with your opinion.

Spontaneous Human Combustion

Spontaneous human combustion is when a fire randomly begins inside of a person without a source of ignition. There are many arguments about whether this occurrence could actually happen, or if it is just a myth. There are over 200 recorded cases of spontaneous human combustion.

People Who Have Spontaneously Combusted

Polonus Vorstius – The First Case of Spontaneous Combustion

Polonus Vorstius was the first person to ever spontaneously combust. This happened during the late 1400s. He claimed that he had drank too much wine, moments before he spewed fire out of his mouth. He then burned to death, in front of a large group of people. Everyone else who drank the wine was perfectly fine, and there was no nearby source of fire.

Mary Raeser – A Skull and a Foot

In St. Petersburg, California, a landlady was going from door to door at her apartment, collecting rent. She went to open one of the doors, but noticed it’s handle was extremely hot. She finally got the door opened to find a skull, and an intact foot. The skull and foot were on a burned carpet, yet there was no source of fire in the room. The police claimed that she died from spontaneous combustion. This happened on July 1st, 1951.

Jeannie Saffin – The Witnessed Spontaneous Combustion

Jeannie Saffin was 61 years old when she died of spontaneous combustion. She had serious issues with her mental health. She had always lived with her 82 year old father. Jeannie’s father witnessed her spontaneously combust, whilst they were in their home. She showed no change in expression while she was on fire. Her father splashed water from the sink onto her, and the fire stopped. Sadly, she ended up in a coma, and she died eight days later.

Is Spontaneous Combustion Real?

Spontaneous Combustion is a widely debated phenomena. There are over 200 cases of spontaneous combustion, however almost all of them involve a nearby heat source (Such as a cigarette, or a candle.) In most cases, the victims were also elderly, or intoxicated. This leads many scientists to believe that spontaneous combustion isn’t possible. Despite the scientists’ beliefs, there is no solid proof against any of the theories about spontaneous human combustion. Many of the theories about how spontaneous combustion work, are very convincing.

How Does Spontaneous Combustion Work?

The most popular explanation for spontaneous combustion is that two chemicals combine inside of a person’s body, and end up creating fire. The fire will usually spread from inside of the person, resulting in them being burnt to death, yet with nothing nearby being lit on fire.

Mad Scientists and Their Experiments

Carney Landis – Universal Face Expressions

Carney Landis was a psychologist in 1924. He decided that he wanted to do an experiment on people, to see if emotions could evoke facial expressions. He brought many of the other graduates from his school together, and he recorded their facial expressions as he did different things to them. He did disturbing things, like emitting fetid gases into the air, electrocuting them, and even forcing them to cut off a rat’s head. Thankfully, this kind of experiment is no longer legal.

Duncan MacDougall – The Weight of a Soul

Duncan MacDougall wanted to use an experiment to find out if the soul had a mass. He decided to weigh 6 people with deathly illness before, and after they died. He weighed five men, and one woman. Although only four of the patients actually died, each one dropped about three quarters of an ounce in weight, the exact second they died (After the subtraction of the air in their lungs, lost bodily fluids, etc.)

After he completed this experiment, he repeated it on dogs, but none of them lost weight when they died. He then began to claim that dogs had no souls. Another scientists found that mice had the same results as dogs. Duncan soon abandoned these experiments, and instead attempted to photograph a soul leaving a body, yet he was unsuccessful.

Stanley Milgram – Obedience Testing

In July, 1961, Stanley Milgram decided to perform an experiment to see if anyone would do anything if asked to by a person of higher authority.

Large groups of people were gathered, and everyone was assigned a partner, who was actually an actor. There was a rigged draw, in which the actor would always be assigned the role of ‘learner’, whilst the random person was assigned the role of teacher. The ‘teacher’ would ask the ‘learner’ questions, and the ‘teacher’ would electrocute the ‘learner’ if they answered the question wrong. However, since the ‘learner’ was an actor, they were never actually electrocuted.

The ‘teacher’ was shown the voltage of the electric shock, and it kept increasing each time the ‘learner’ got a question wrong. Whenever the ‘teacher’ decided not to shock the ‘learner’ a man in a suit who would be watching the experiment would tell them to continue. Two thirds of the ‘teachers’ would have continued increasing the voltage, past the survivable limit.

Charles Sheridan and Richard King – Dog Electrocutionists

Charles Sheridan and Richard King were very surprised by the results of Stanley Milgram’s experiment. They decided to see if they could duplicate the results using animals. They had a very similar test, however instead of an actor, they used an animal that was actually getting shocked.

Thirteen men and thirteen women took part in this experiment. All of the women and seven of the men killed the puppy.

 

100 Mind Blowing Facts!

  1. High school students from 2015 have the same anxiety levels as insane asylum mental patients from 1950.
  2. It is impossible to tickle yourself. Go ahead, try it. Your mind knows that your trying to tickle yourself and doesn’t give you the same response.
  3. A cockroach can live many weeks without its head.
  4. Mosquitoes are the animal that has caused the most human deaths.
  5. It is possible to see the Milky Way from Earth, however light pollution makes it near impossible. In the 1990’s a power outage occurred in Los Angeles, and people saw the Milky Way for their first time.
  6. It is possible to have naturally purple eyes. It is because of a disorder called Alexandria’s Genesis. This disorder also causes for pale skin.
  7. If the population of China was arranged in a single file line, and they walked by you, the line would never end. This is because of China’s birth rates. People would be born faster than they could walk by you.
  8. First born children have been proven to have higher IQs than there siblings.
  9. People with higher IQs stay up later than most other people.
  10. The average amount of time it takes for people to fall asleep is 7 minutes.
  11. A type of jellyfish called the Turritopsis Nutricula can live forever.
  12. The weight of every ant on Earth is near the same as the weight of every human on Earth.
  13. There are more fake flamingos in the world then real ones.
  14. As humans we share 50% of our DNA with bananas.
  15. Every 2 minutes we have taken more pictures than in all of the 19th century.
  16. Surgeons who have played video games for three hours a week work 27% faster and makes 37% less mistakes.
  17. Bats aren’t actually blind. They have eyes and many of them have great night vision.
  18. Many people believe that blood is blue until it reaches air. This is false. Blood is red all the time.
  19. Sugar is more addictive than cocaine.
  20. You get smarter while you sleep.
  21. There are more possible combinations of chess pieces on a chess board then there are atoms in the known universe.
  22. Spiders don’t actually crawl into your mouth while you sleep.
  23. Two thirds of the people on Earth have never seen snow.
  24. Hummingbirds weigh less than pennies.
  25. A shadow’s weight is negative.
  26. In the average persons lifetime, they walk the distance of three times around the world.
  27. There is a man named Charles Osborne who had the hiccups for four years straight!
  28. Men are 650% more likely to be struck by lightning then women.
  29. Your nose and ears never stop growing, no matter how old you are.
  30. Coca Cola is green without its normal artificial colouring.
  31. It  would take 1,200,000 mosquitoes to drain all of an average persons blood.
  32. The richer you are, the longer you live, and yes this has been scientifically proven.
  33. When you urinate, some of the urine ends up in your mouth through saliva glands. Not to worry, urine is much cleaner than saliva anyway.
  34. In most castles, eating was the main thing people did to entertain themselves.
  35. The Dead Sea is a sea with extremely salty salt water. There is so much salt in this sea that you would die from drinking half of a cup. The salt water also allows you to float on the surface extremely easily making it challenging to touch the bottom. If you end up on your front, you will be unable to roll over and will likely drown.
  36. In Thailand a 6 hour clock is used.
  37. A jiffy is an actual measurement of time. It means a hundredth of a second.
  38. Month, orange, silver and purple have no rhymes in the English language.
  39. “umop apisdn” is the word upside down, upside down.
  40. Woman blink 2 times more than men.
  41. 13% of people actually believe the moon is made of cheese! (It isn’t…)
  42. Most chocolate bars have up to 8 insect legs in them.
  43. To save metal, anyone who won an Oscar during WW2 got one made of wood.
  44. Licking a stamp gains you a tenth of a calorie.
  45. If all the pizza eaten in the world today was put in a field, the field would have to be more than 18 acres
  46. If your stomach didn’t create a new layer of mucus every two weeks, it would digest itself.
  47. 12  babies have been given to incorrect parents every day. You might be one of them without knowing!
  48. One in ten people live on islands.
  49. Snails can sleep for three years straight.
  50. More than half of the movies in existence are rated R.
  51. By the time you enter grade one, you can recognise over 200 company logos.
  52. The average right handed person lives 9 years longer than the average left handed person.
  53. More people fear spiders than death.
  54. It is possible to bring a cow up a set of stairs, yet is near impossible to bring one down.
  55. You are 1.2% more likely to be born male.
  56. Your thigh bones are harder than concrete.
  57. The bible is not only the most sold book, but it is also the most shoplifted book.
  58. In China 1,800 cigarettes are smoked per year, per person.
  59. For every human, there are 100,000,000 insects.
  60. Everyone knows that you can’t scream in space, but you also can’t cry. The gravity stops tears from flowing.
  61. Duck quacks don’t echo and nobody knows why.
  62. Some snakes are born with two heads, and the heads often fight over food.
  63. You swallow up to 1.5 litres of urine while in a public swimming pool.
  64. In China there are crab vending machines.
  65. 10% of humans are currently alive.
  66. Every second 100 bolts of lightning hit Earth.
  67. Flea jumps are 20 times faster than space ship take offs.
  68. You will shed 40 pounds of skin in your life.
  69. One in every two thousand babies are born with a tooth.
  70. Every hour the universe expands by billions of miles.
  71. In Japan, there is eel flavoured ice cream.
  72. It has been scientifically proven that the best napping time is between 1:00 and 2:30 PM.
  73. While dinosaurs where around, most days were 23 hours.
  74. One in five adults think that aliens are hiding on Earth in clever human disguises,
  75. Only 38% of people eat breakfast.
  76. When you are near a black hole, time slows down. When you are inside a black hole time doesn’t pass at all.
  77. Neanderthals had bigger brains than us.
  78. There are just over 540,000 words in the English language.
  79. Apples are more efficient than caffeine when trying to wake yourself up in the morning.
  80. The average person drinks 600 sodas a year.
  81. The worlds hardest tongue-twister is “Sixth Sick Sheik’s Sixth Sheep’s Sick”
  82. It takes 63,000 trees to create a copy of the New York Times.
  83. When you are first born, you are colour-blind.
  84. Punctuation didn’t exist in English before the 15th century.
  85. If everyone in China jumped, they would send the Earth off its axis.
  86. A single pound of spider webs could stretch around the world.
  87. There are 150,000 people currently frozen, with the hopes that they can be revived later.
  88. In New Jersey, it is illegal to wear a bullet proof vest while committing a murder.
  89. It is better for you to leave your bed unmade, as bed bugs will live longer in made beds.
  90. One of twenty people are born with an extra rib.
  91. You can’t evenly fold a paper more than 7 times.
  92. One in 23 million people are allergic to water. Most of these peoples have to stay confined to there homes.
  93. In Dubai an indoor city is being built. The city has air conditioned side walks, a 8,000,000 square ft mall, and more! The city is called Mall of the World.
  94. The youngest person to ever be a pope was 11 years old.
  95. There is a chimp from a Russian zoo that became addicted to cigarettes and alcohol. The alcohol and cigarettes were given to him by visitors of the zoo. In 2010 the chimp was sent to rehab. Luckily, he has recovered.
  96. Each year, Burger King sells 950,000 pounds of bacon.
  97. Baseballs go faster in warm temperatures.
  98. 10% of  thunderstorms are considered severe.
  99. For every 1 chocolate bar eaten in China, 1000 are eaten in Britain.
  100. Your entire life has lead up to reading this fact..

Thanks for reading!

Energy, Apocalypses, Space, and More!

To visit an interactive version of this article, click here.

 

In this blog, I will be writing about different types of energy, how the energy types work, pros and cons of the energy type, pollution, and the future of energy. I will also be talking about possible apocalypses, space colonization and nuclear war.

Nuclear Energy

History of Nuclear Energy!

After World War Two, in the year 1945, nuclear energy seemed like it would be a great invention that would help humanity. Everything about this new form of generating power seemed amazing. Extremely cheap, near infinite energy was expected. Everyone was sure this would be available to the world by 1950.

Then, everyone learned the truth about nuclear energy. Nuclear energy was more expensive and complicated then people originally thought. On top of the large expense, the new nuclear companies had nowhere to get the money from. People had been worried about the risks, so they avoided investing.

However, in 1973, nuclear energy had a chance to improve. That year, a war in the Middle East, called the Yom Kippur War began. America was fighting against Arab, one of their main oil distributors. This caused a lack of energy from oil, which caused people resort to nuclear energy. With investments for nuclear energy picking up, people began to look for the most efficient nuclear reactor design. The light water reactor was chosen because it was low in price.

How do Light Water Reactors Work?

Light water reactors use heat from decaying radioactive material in a process called nuclear fission. A reactor core contains fuel and rods. The fission heats water and it turns into steam. The steam evaporates in a steam generator. This steam energy converts into rotary motion in a turbine generator, which then creates electricity.

Nuclear – The Advantages!

One of the major problems with generating electricity is its effect on the environment. Luckily, nuclear energy doesn’t emit air pollution. It also isolates all nuclear waste.

Another major advantage to using nuclear power is the low price. In fact nuclear energy is as little as half of the price of wind power. Although,

Nuclear – The Disadvantages!

There have been many disasters from nuclear energy. The Chernobyl accident caused 15,00 to 30,000 deaths. About 2.5 million people were dealing with radiation related health problems. In total nuclear energy has caused up to 600,000 deaths.

There are nuclear bombs that can destroy entire countries using this technology. Over 300,000 people have died from bombs used by North America.

Solar Power

The History of Solar Power!

In 1767 a man named Horace Benedict de Saussure created the first solar panel. In 1947 the solar panel became popular, after centuries were spent improving it. There was soon a large amount of demand for solar energy. In 2012, solar energy’s popularity grew again. Everyone thought that they were being eco-friendly, and that they would be helping the planet by using this energy.

How do Solar Panels Work?

Inside solar panels, light particles knock electrons out of atoms creating a flow of electricity. These solar panels are usually placed on your roof. When a house has solar panels on their roof, they usually also have another form of energy supplying their home, for extra power.

Advantages of Solar Panels!

Once you install solar panels, solar energy is free. You don’t need any fuel to use it. Solar panels also don’t cause pollution. (Although the factory the panels are made in may cause some pollution.) Nuclear energy will only last us up to 80 more years, while solar panels are a renewable energy source.

Disadvantages of Solar Panels!

Solar panel’s energy can only be used when it is bright and sunny. Even when it is bright and sunny, solar panels produce less than other sources of energy. You also need a very large plot of land for solar energy to be efficient.

Fossil Fuels

History of Fossil Fuels!

In the 18th century, people began to use fossil fuels. It became popular because coal was efficient in steam powered locomotives. Oil was also very efficient when creating energy. After it became popular, power use went up by near 300%.

How do We Use Coal to Create Power?

Coal is pulverized into a material called fine powder. The fine powder mixes with hot air and heats a boiler. The boiler contains water which turns into steam. The steam powers a turbine engine, which turns the heat energy from the coal into mechanical energy. Mechanical energy is energy that moves things into certain positions or motions. Mechanical energy is what makes trains move.

How do We Use Oil to Create Power?

Oil can be burned to heat a steam generator. Another option would be to burn the oil underneath pressure to produce exhaust gases. The exhaust gases power a turbine that generates electricity.

How do We Use Natural Gas to Create Power?

The natural gas is heated and the gas turns the turbine. The turbine then creates electricity.

Fossil Fuels Advantages!

Fossil fuels are a cheap way to create energy. It is also reliable because it doesn’t require specific conditions to generate energy, like solar and wind energy. Fossil fuels have also been used by humans for decades. We have made large amounts of progress towards making the use of fossil fuel energy efficient.

Fossil Fuel Disadvantages!

Fossil fuels are non-renewable, unsustainable, and they contribute to global warming. We will eventually run out of fossil fuels. It has been predicted that we will run out of coal, oil, and natural gas by 2088. There is also the problem of deaths caused by fossil fuels. Luckily, the death toll hasn’t been as large as nuclear energy’s.

Wind Power

History of Wind Power!

Windmills have existed from before 1000 A.D.  In 1970, gas prices grew, leaving many people to resort to wind power. Then, in 1980, the first large wind farm was created.

How do Windmills Work?

There are three long propeller-like blades that are around a rotor. The rotor connects to generator. The generator produces electricity.

Advantages of Using Windmills!

Windmills don’t pollute the air. Windmills use is increasing by 30% each year. Windmills also can be built on existing plots of land, making it easier to harvest energy.

Disadvantages of Windmills!

Wind isn’t blowing all the time, meaning that this source of energy is unreliable. Most windmills only work at 30% of their capacity. If wind is blowing too fast, windmills will likely break. Windmills are also extremely loud, and they require a lot of maintenance.

Wave Power

History of Wave Power!

In 1799, a design for a tidal plant was created to use waves to harness energy.  It wasn’t until 1910, that this technology was used to power a house. The same oil war that made people resort to nuclear energy, also left people trying to harness wave energy. After a few people experimented with different designs, waves were finally available to be used as a power source for commercial use in 2004.

How do Tidal Plants Produce Electricity?

Electricity generators float on top of the water. They are secured to the ocean floor with a wire. These generators take the energy that the wave uses, and turns it into electricity.

Advantages of Wave Power!

One of the best things about wave power, is that it is both eco-friendly and renewable. It’s also more efficient than fossil fuels. Maintenance costs are low, and tidal plants last for long times.

Disadvantages of Wave Power!

The initial cost to build a tidal plant is very high, and there are very few areas that can support these machines. Sea waves are also very unpredictable. There could be large waves that damage the tidal plant, or there could be no waves to power it. Tidal plants aren’t a complete invention, and they aren’t efficient for what they cost.

If you are living somewhere with a cold winter, the water could freeze, completely stopping the energy generation from the plant. These machines also effect wildlife, by disturbing the migration patterns of fish.

Geothermal Energy

History of Geothermal Energy!

In 1847, a man named William Bell Elliot found a valley near San Francisco, California. He discovered geysers, but he thought that he had found the gates to hell! Five years later, in 1852, the geysers were developed into a spa and hotel. The hotel was called The Geysers Resort Hotel.

In 1862, a man named Sam Brannan spent $500,000 investing in the hotel, so that he could make a large renovation. This helped the hotel become very famous. Soon, in 1864, people began to move near the hotel, due to the geyser’s natural heat. In 1892, people took more advantage of the geysers and used them to create the world’s first district heating system.

In 1927, a large hole was created to explore the geysers. In 1930, people took advantage of this hole to create the first geothermal energy producing device. Geothermal energy soon became a more popular source of energy, whilst it developed.

How do we Collect Geothermal Energy?

Geothermal energy is heat from underground. The heat from the Earth’s core (Which is estimated to be warmer than the sun.) is used to warm apartments, homes, business buildings, and more!

Advantages of Geothermal Energy!

Geothermal energy is renewable, and environmentally friendly. Geothermal plants don’t take up much space, also assisting the green use of the energy. Geothermal energy harvesting is reliable, unlike solar or wind energy which need specific conditions.

Disadvantages of Geothermal Energy!

Geothermal plants can have volcanic eruptions, causing risk to those who live nearby. Another risk to people’s lives would be the chance of deadly toxic gases being released into the air. Creation of geothermal plants also have a large price, due to the fact that there are few locations that the energy can be harvested from. On top of that, almost all of the energy sources are miles away from highly populated areas, where it is most needed.

What Energy is the Best?

This can be a very opinion based question. I personally think that nuclear energy is the best energy for now. Since it is non-renewable, it will only last us up to 200 more years. I think that by then, wave power will have had enough time to develop itself into a more efficient power source.

Ecological Footprint

Your ecological footprint is the measurement of the amount of Earths that would be required if everyone lived your life. The average person requires 1.5 Earths. Your ecological footprint is measured by certain types of surveys. The surveys question you about the types of energy you use, how often you drive, how large your home is, and more.

Space Colonization

You may be thinking “So, if my ecological footprint tells everyone we need 1.5 planets to sustain our needs, why have we not lost our planet yet?” It’s going to happen soon. It is expected global warming will kill us by 2024. Humanity would likely be able to stop this catastrophe, if we had worked on it earlier. When the idea of global warming first emerged, rather than doing something about it, most people ignored it. The idea of global warming is still ignored by some people. At this point, one of Humanity’s multiple final options is space colonization.

Space colonization is the idea of making other planets habitable and colonizing them. It is also a very likely option for us to use to save ourselves from global warming. I know, space colonization won’t exist for years and currently sounds like science fiction. It is still possible for us to delay global warming to the time it is possible. Becoming green, or eco-friendly, is probably our best bet. If we can stretch the Earth’s resources to 2030, we will likely be able to achieve space colonization.

The Russian government plans to have the moon habitable by 2030, and they plan to have many people living there. The process will begin in 2016. If humans survive the next (approximately) 20 years, most of us will likely be living in space.

Electric Cars

The best environment friendly automobile is the electric car. Electricity powered cars are a very great invention. Not only that, but you can save on gasoline! These cars even have the same safety precautions as normal cars. Electric cars aren’t noisy, and don’t require much maintenance.

Still, technology isn’t perfect. There aren’t any electric car fuelling stations yet, and even when the car is fully charged, it is only able to drive 50-100 miles. It takes 4-6 hours to recharge these cars. These cars usually only have 2 seats.

Self-Driving Cars

So, with the invention of automatically driving cars, I began to wonder how much energy they consumed. Self driving cars are surprisingly, extremely environment friendly. If 10% of cars were self-driving, there would be approximately 386,000,000 litres of gas saved. This 10% change could also stop up to 211,000 crashes, and save 5.5 billion dollars across every car owner. These cars may become the preferred mode of transport in the future.

Global Warming Apocalypse!

What if, we humans didn’t change our ways? What if we didn’t try to stop our pollution from causing global warming? We would likely end up in the global warming apocalypse. In this global warming apocalypse, the Earth would gradually heat up, quickly reaching dangerously hot levels. This heat could cause large cities like New York, to become uninhabitable. This endless heat wave is expected to begin in 2020 and become deadly in 2040. This apocalypse will throw many food chains off balance, killing millions of species.

What if The Sun Disappeared?

While on the topic of potential apocalypses, let me mention another situation. ‘What if the sun disappeared?’ It is very unlikely that something like the sun disappearing would happen in reality, but there are some great scientific theories about what could happen.

First off, if the sun disappeared, nothing would happen immediately. It would take around 8 and a half minutes for the change to be noticed. For the first few days, electricity and power would still be useful. Photosynthesis would likely stop immediately, causing a huge impact on Earth. Plants would no longer be able to take in carbon dioxide, or produce oxygen. This oxygen could still last nearly 1000 years.

After nearly a week, the Earth’s average surface temperature would drop from 14 degrees Celsius, to 0. So, we would likely all live for the first few months. However, after a year, the average temperature would drop to -73. We would still have some heat from the Earth’s core keeping us alive, if we lived in the right places.

What if Humans Disappeared?

Another interesting question is, what if humans disappeared? Well, within the first hours, most power plants would die out. Animals would escape the electric fences that had lost there power. Billions of animals will be released, yet most will starve to death. House pets will escape as well, but most of them will be killed by stronger, wild animals. Some entire species, like lice, will go completely extinct. Most roads will turn into rivers, normal buildings will be covered in plant life, and most wooden buildings will have burnt down.

In only 100 years, all wooden buildings will be gone completely, and metal structures will begin to rust. By now, animal populations will have returned to what they were before, but many animals will be living in the wrong continents. Zoo animals, and any surviving farm animals, will be living in unnatural climates. The only thing that won’t disappear will likely be our plastic garbage.

Space Time Capsules

So, when the world is about to end, if we have no chance of survival, we have only one thing left to do in our existence. We need to make time capsules. Not for ourselves, but for other species. We would need to send these time capsules into space to tell any form of intelligent life that could ever come across it, that we existed.

There are already messages from Earth that have been sent into space. One of these time capsules is called Lageos 1. The message inside contains three maps. One, is a map of Pangea (When every continent was connected), one map is of Earth today, and one map is of what scientists think Earth will look like in 8.4 million years.

In 2012 a record disc, was sent into space in 2012. The disc contained images of Earth, and us humans. It’s strange to think, that other life forms could one day find our time capsules. In the future aliens could be studying us humans.

Global Warming Isn’t Real!

Some people think that global warming is a lie. These are 4 major arguments that I have found from people claiming global warming is false.

  1. In 2012 scientists claimed that global warming caused the ice caps in Antarctic to melt. However, that year, the ice caps actually got larger.
  2. Scientists claim that global warming causes the temperature to increase. This used to be true. Between 1975 and 1997, there were changes in temperature. After that, the temperature changes stopped. Even though the temperature changes stopped, many scientists still claim they exist.
  3. Many scientists predicted that the ice in the Arctic would melt by 2013. People who don’t think global warming is real claim that since the first predictions about global warming were false, the second predictions will also be false.
  4. Any increase in global temperatures could simply be a natural climate shift.

 

Even when these argument points are brought up, I still believe that global warming is real, and it will have an effect on our future. There are still many arguments that prove global warming is true. These are 4 of those argument points:

  1. It has been proven that the sea level has been rising, and most scientists claim it was because of melting ice caps or glaciers.
  2. The ocean temperature has been getting much warmer with no explanations, other than global warming.
  3. Carbon dioxide levels are currently increasing. Carbon dioxide levels have raised by 25% since 1957. Scientists have also concluded that the increase in carbon dioxide is the fault of humans.
  4. The sun isn’t changing in temperature, yet the Earth is definitely getting warmer. This is unexplained heat is thought to be because of global warming.

Nikola Tesla and Infinite Energy!

Nikola Tesla was a great inventor, who had the honour of being named the inventor of the 20th century. He created many great things, but here I will be focusing on his ideas of infinite energy. He created a blueprint for a device that could create infinite free energy, that could be distributed to everyone. It was called the radiant energy receiver.

The radiant energy receiver would be able to take static energy from the air, and turn it into a usable form of electricity.

Nuclear War

One of the major disadvantages of nuclear energy, is that as the technology develops, it gives people the opportunity to create nuclear weapons. There have already been nuclear threats in certain countries. Some people predict that a nuclear world war 3 will begin one day.

What Will Happen When a Nuclear Bomb is Detonated?

Anyone that was close to the bomb would likely die immediately, evaporating into dust. In fact, the bomb would likely destroy the entire city it was detonated in. If you were lucky enough to not be killed by the initial explosion, everyone with a phone would receive a text warning them of the explosion. After you got the warning on your phone, you would have up to 3 minutes to get to safety before the bomb could kill you.

How to Survive Nuclear Attacks 

If you’re thinking that the only way to survive a nuclear bombing is by hiding in a bunker, you are wrong. If you hide inside a bunker, you are still very likely to die if a bomb drops. Of course, you still want to be inside, or at least find cover. The first thing you should do, is leave your mouth wide open. This will prevent your eardrums from popping at the sound of the explosion. Also, any flammable materials will burst into flames when the blast happens, so avoid those. After the explosion is over, you still need to wait up to 20 minutes for the air to clear.

After 24 hours, if you haven’t completely left the area, you will die of radiation poisoning. When you have left town, and find another shelter, you need to go either into a basement, or the tenth (or higher) floor.

Environmental Impacts of Nuclear War

Some scientists claim that nuclear weapons are the largest threat to the Earth’s environment. The damage that would be done to the environment by a potential nuclear bombing would take more than a decade to restore. Plants likely wouldn’t be able to grow for up to 5 years in areas that had been bombed.

Conclusion

Thank you for reading my blog. Do you think nuclear war or global warming will happen soon? What energy do you think is best? Comment below!

 

Sleep Paralysis

 

 

Imagine yourself waking up to find that you are unable to move. You lie in your bed unable to do anything. You start to get scared. “What if I got stuck like this forever?” you think to yourself. You start to imagine all the horrible things that could have made you frozen. Your eyes scan the room, looking for an answer. You see an old witch open the door and start to cackle. You wonder if she is the cause for you being frozen. You attempt to move, run or call out for help but nothing works. The witch sits on your chest and stares at you. Her long claw shaped fingers reach toward your neck…

      Then she disappears. You become able to move again. You think to yourself about whether or not it was a dream. You are unable to tell why everything was so realistic. You decide to check your computer to see if anyone has had a similar experience. Then, while looking through web pages you find sleep paralysis.

 

      Sleep paralysis is a scary event in which a person wakes up but cannot move. This is usually accompanied with hallucinations. This isn’t rare among teens and young adults, it affects about 6% of them each year. Sleep paralysis is often caused by awkward sleeping patterns. For example if you work in shifts you are more likely to experience sleep paralysis. You are also more likely to get sleep paralysis if you have narcolepsy. This blog will include information about: REM (rapid eye movement), stories of sleep paralysis, lucid dreaming, OBE (out of body experiences) and more.

      When sleep paralysis happens, it is usually during REM (The part of sleep where dreaming occurs.) During REM you are paralysed to keep yourself from moving in your sleep. Sleep paralysis is caused when the person is awake but their body behaves as if they were asleep. REM happens several times a night. (It happens every 90-120 minutes). Dreams can only happen during REM.  It will keep you paralysed by an amino acid called glycine. Glycine is lightweight and travels through your body quickly.

      During REM your mind is choosing what information is important and what is not. This has caused some people to believe that they can forget sleep paralysis moments after it happened. They think that sleep paralysis makes your brain make mistakes. There is no conclusion about whether or not this could happen.

 

      The part of sleep paralysis in which you wake up and cannot move has different causes. The first, most common cause happens when you are awake but your mind doesn’t realize it. This may cause your mind to let glycine continue to freeze your muscles. Another, less common reason is when REM won’t stop. This causes REM to continue when you wake up and make sleep paralysis continue for up to 15 minutes. The least common way would be if you had narcolepsy. Narcolepsy causes you to fall asleep at random times.

      One of the most common hallucinations that people experience is when a hideous witch sits on the person’s chest. Another common hallucination is when aliens attempt to abduct the person. A third hallucination that is experienced is of human shadows that run around, barely out of your sight.

      One of the scariest stories is about a boy who was trying to fall asleep. He decided to stay still in one position because he kept rolling over and keeping himself awake. He stayed still but after a few minutes sleep paralysis began. He didn’t notice it until he attempted to scratch his leg and found that he couldn’t move. He was scared so he tried to talk to his brother in the bunk bed above him. However, he couldn’t talk to his brother either. After that he started to hallucinate. He saw an old man walk into the room and kidnap his brother. He told the boy that he was going to be back. The boy woke up and saw his brother still sleeping.

      Most of the time, sleep paralysis hallucinations can be retold in extreme detail. For example, if one person’s hallucination had a TV on in the background they could repeat exactly what it said.

      Some people say that they can control their hallucinations and dreams. Even people without sleep paralysis claim they can do this. This is called lucid dreaming. There are a lot of strategies to force lucid dreaming. The most common strategy is to do a reality check. Reality checks are when you do something like read a sentence or check the time to see if anything is weird in the world around you.

      OBE’s are also common experiences. An OBE is an out of body experience. This is a type of dream where a person will watch themselves sleep in a ghost-like form. You can fly around your room and look at things during OBE’s. Sometimes OBE’s can be amazing experiences or they could be nightmares. OBE’s are more common if you have sleep paralysis.

      Remember the story I read at the beginning? Imagine yourself after reading about sleep paralysis. The next day you have sleep paralysis it again, the difference is that now you can control it. Your horrible nightmare turned into a dream where you could do anything you wanted. You could meet your favourite superhero, or become a professional player on your favourite sports team. Then you become able to see yourself asleep. You look around your room staring at yourself and everything else. Then you wake up. From that point on you would never have another sleep paralysis incident other than the occasional time lucid dreaming didn’t work, but now the paralysis seem a lot less scary. During any dreams you would have in the future, you would be able to do anything.